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Astronomical maps and atlases, rare celestial and terrestrial spheres dated to the XV-XVII centuries, old solar and lunar calendars...
Antique geographical and navigation charts, nautical maps, portolans dated to the VIII-XVIII centuries, ancient cities and places...
Medieval engravings, old drawings dated to the VIII - XVI centuries, geometry, mathematics, physics and antique mechanics...
Old anatomy and medicine drawings, ancient zoology, rare ornithology, botany, floristics and perfect japanese graphics...
Ancient parchments and scrolls, manuscripts, rare and little known book arts, incunabula collections...
Mythic and heraldic creatures, fictitious animals from ancient tales and forgotten legends ...
Mystical symbols, magic signs, hermetical texts, alchemical treatises, kabbalah, astrology and esoteric knowledges...
Famous artists and painters of the 18-19 centuries, perfect artworks, pictures, well-known oil paintings, sculptures, drawings...

Tabula Anemographica Seu Pixis Nautica

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Series :  Engravings on leather
Year :  2011
Unique ID :  pe.0002.05
Authors :  Pyro Skin A.I.
Frame design :  walnut frame
Size :  640 mm x 500 mm
Area shown :  Allegorical engraving

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In ancient times, before the magnetic compass was invented, winds were used by mariners to designate direction, and were named after the lands or astronomical directions from which they originated. Over the centuries, the number of named winds increased progressively from the original four cardinal directions to as many as thirty-two, with a confusing array of names based on mythological gods, associated astronomical or weather conditions, and in Greek, Latin, and other languages. Adding to the confusion, different names were often applied to the same direction, and sometimes a single name was used for different directions. To clarify this chaotic situation, a schematic diagram called a "wind rose" was developed and was widely adopted as a useful and often decorative addition to maps and charts. The colorful example seen here displays thirty-two winds with their various names, along with imaginative "wind heads" or "wind blowers" surrounding the central diagram. The wind rose was eventually replaced by a similar but more precise "compass rose" displaying directions as determined by a magnetized needle.   

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