Текущий экспонат - World map
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Typus orbis terrarum

Series :  Navigation and Geography
Year :  1570
Unique ID :  gc.01.0079
Authors :  Abraham Ortelius
Issued :  Apud Iohannem Ianssonium van Waesberge, Amsterdam
Edition :  1673
Area shown :  world hemispheres
Preview image in wooden frames
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This is a highly decorative double hemispherical map of the world with the four elements depicted in each corner of the map and republished in Amsterdam in 1673. On this map Australia is labelled 'Nd. Hollandia vulgo' with 'T lant van Eendracht', a reference to Dirk Hartog's ship which landed on Western Australian shores in 1616. Tasmania, though not yet clearly separated from the Australian mainland, is named 't Land van A' V. Diemen' following Tasman's discovery in 1642. Relief is shown pictorially. First issued by Abraham Ortelius in 1570, his map underwent many variations and transformations by later cartographers over the next 160 years. This map is one of the last variants updating the world map to include the discoveries of Willem Schouten and Jacob Le Maire who discovered in 1615 the Le Maire Strait [marked on the map as Fretum le Maire] located between Tierra del Fuego and Staten Island and that Tierra del Fuego was not the northern tip of a southern continent beyond South America. This meant an entirely different trade route into the Pacific and the Spice Islands had been opened up even though the voyage reached only so far as the Solomon Islands in 1616. The VOC also later claimed that the new route infringed its monopoly of trade but this was defeated legally a few years later.