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Nova et integra universi orbis descriptio by Oronce Fine

Series :  Navigation and Geography
Year :  1531
Unique ID :  gc.01.0002
Authors :  Oronce Fine
Issued :  woodcut engraving
Edition :  1531
Area shown :  world map
Preview image in wooden frames
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This map was created by French cartographer Oronce Fine in double-cordiform projection. Map is a detailed woodcut, geographically much superior to the large map by Sebastian Munster. Much of the southern cordiform is taken up with the new Terra Australis, noted as being recently discovered but not yet explored. Beyond the tip of South America is marked the Mare Magellanicum, one of the first uses of the navigator's name in such a context. Central America contains numerous place names reflecting the conquests of Cortez in the XVI century, but further Fine has made the North America continent part of the eastern extremity of Asia. Greenland is named, and a large promontory marked as “gaccalar” (supposedly Labrador) extend from the North American coastline into the Atlantic. There is a detailed floral surround to the map, two mermaids, two muscular cherubs, French royal coat of arms and, at the head of the map, the title in a flowing banner. Oronce Fine's map is one that deserved enlargement on to two sheets. Unfortunately, in many cases the margins of surviving copies are seriously frayed as after folding once for insertion into the book they were still too wide for the binding. This map is also one of the earliest printed maps to show the southern continent as a distinct landmass.